archlinux中的字体看起来真的很搓,试过ubuntu patch过的版本,还是不尽如人意。后来发现了fontconfig-infinality, 整个世界突然美好了。跟windows下的MacType差不多。

当我将ibus换成fcitx之后,问题又出现了,3.6版本之后的fcitx竟然没有字体设置了,对于字体的控制必须使用fontconfig。这必须的修改默认的中文字体。

直接贴fontconfig的配置吧(我这里使用的是DejaVu Sans YuanTi

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<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
<fontconfig>

<!-- fonts dirs -->
<dir>~/.fonts</dir>

<match>
<test name="family">
<string>sans-serif</string>
</test>
<edit name="family" mode="prepend" binding="strong">
<string>DejaVu Sans YuanTi</string>
<string>DejaVu Sans</string>
<string>Liberation Sans</string>
<string>Droid Sans</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Micro Hei</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</string>
<string>AR PL KaitiM Big5</string>
<string>AR PL KaitiM GB</string>
<string>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</string>
<string>AR PL New Sung</string>
<string>AR PL SungtiL GB</string>
<string>AR PL UKai CN</string>
<string>AR PL UKai HK</string>
<string>AR PL UKai TW</string>
<string>AR PL UKai TW MBE</string>
<string>AR PL UMing CN</string>
<string>AR PL UMing HK</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW MBE</string>
</edit>
</match>
<match>
<test name="family">
<string>serif</string>
</test>
<edit name="family" mode="prepend" binding="strong">
<string>DejaVu Sans YuanTi</string>
<string>DejaVu Serif</string>
<string>Liberation Serif</string>
<string>Bitstream Charter</string>
<string>Droid Serif</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</string>
<string>AR PL New Sung</string>
<string>AR PL SungtiL GB</string>
<string>AR PL UMing CN</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW</string>
<string>AR PL KaitiM Big5</string>
<string>AR PL KaitiM GB</string>
<string>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</string>
<string>AR PL UKai CN</string>
<string>AR PL UKai HK</string>
<string>AR PL UKai TW</string>
<string>AR PL UKai TW MBE</string>
<string>AR PL UMing CN</string>
<string>AR PL UMing HK</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW MBE</string>
</edit>
</match>
<match>
<test name="family">
<string>monospace</string>
</test>
<edit name="family" mode="prepend" binding="strong">
<string>DejaVu Sans YuanTi Mono</string>
<string>DejaVu Sans Mono</string>
<string>Liberation Sans Mono</string>
<string>Droid Sans Mono</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Mono</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Micro Hei Mono</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW</string>
<string>AR PL KaitiM Big5</string>
<string>AR PL KaitiM GB</string>
<string>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</string>
<string>AR PL New Sung</string>
<string>AR PL SungtiL GB</string>
<string>AR PL UKai CN</string>
<string>AR PL UKai HK</string>
<string>AR PL UKai TW</string>
<string>AR PL UKai TW MBE</string>
<string>AR PL UMing CN</string>
<string>AR PL UMing HK</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW MBE</string>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- 把serif ,sans,monospace的family(字体族)重新排序 -->
<alias>
<family>serif</family>
<prefer>
<family>DejaVu Sans YuanTi</family>
<family>DejaVu Serif</family>
<family>Liberation Serif</family>
<family>Bitstream Charter</family>
<family>Droid Serif</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</family>
<family>AR PL New Sung</family>
<family>AR PL SungtiL GB</family>
<family>AR PL UMing CN</family>
<family>AR PL UMing TW</family>
<family>AR PL KaitiM Big5</family>
<family>AR PL KaitiM GB</family>
<family>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</family>
<family>AR PL SungtiL GB</family>
<family>AR PL UKai CN</family>
<family>AR PL UKai HK</family>
<family>AR PL UKai TW</family>
<family>AR PL UKai TW MBE</family>
<family>AR PL UMing CN</family>
<family>AR PL UMing HK</family>
<family>AR PL UMing TW</family>
<family>AR PL UMing TW MBE</family>
</prefer>
</alias>
<alias>
<family>sans-serif</family>
<prefer>
<family>DejaVu Sans YuanTi</family>
<family>DejaVu Sans</family>
<family>Liberation Sans</family>
<family>Droid Sans</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Zen Hei</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Micro Hei</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</family>
<family>AR PL New Sung</family>
<family>AR PL KaitiM Big5</family>
<family>AR PL KaitiM GB</family>
<family>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</family>
<family>AR PL SungtiL GB</family>
<family>AR PL UKai CN</family>
<family>AR PL UKai HK</family>
<family>AR PL UKai TW</family>
<family>AR PL UKai TW MBE</family>
<family>AR PL UMing CN</family>
<family>AR PL UMing HK</family>
<family>AR PL UMing TW</family>
<family>AR PL UMing TW MBE</family>
</prefer>
</alias>
<alias>
<family>monospace</family>
<prefer>
<family>DejaVu Sans YuanTi Mono</family>
<family>DejaVu Sans Mono</family>
<family>Liberation Sans Mono</family>
<family>Droid Sans Mono</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Mono</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Micro Hei Mono</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp</family>
<family>AR PL New Sung</family>
<family>AR PL UMing TW</family>
<family>AR PL KaitiM Big5</family>
<family>AR PL KaitiM GB</family>
<family>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</family>
<family>AR PL SungtiL GB</family>
<family>AR PL UKai CN</family>
<family>AR PL UKai HK</family>
<family>AR PL UKai TW</family>
<family>AR PL UKai TW MBE</family>
<family>AR PL UMing CN</family>
<family>AR PL UMing HK</family>
<family>AR PL UMing TW</family>
<family>AR PL UMing TW MBE</family>
</prefer>
</alias>

<!-- DPI -->
<match target="pattern">
<edit name="dpi" mode="assign">
<double>96</double>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- default : smoothed and hinted -->
<match target="font">
<edit name="antialias" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="autohint" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="hinting" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="hintstyle" mode="assign">
<const>hintfull</const>
</edit>
<edit name="rgba" mode="assign">
<const>rgb</const>
</edit>
<edit name="lcdfilter" mode="assign">
<const>lcddefault</const>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- 优先使用内嵌的点阵字 -->
<match target="font">
<edit name="embeddedbitmap" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- For point size less equal than 6 : only smoothed -->
<match target="font" >
<test name="size" compare="less_eq">
<double>6</double>
</test>
<edit name="antialias" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="autohint" mode="assign">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="hinting" mode="assign">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- 注意没有指定hintstyle,不希望它作为全局设定 -->
<match target="font">
<test name="lang" compare="contains">
<string>zh</string>
<string>ja</string>
<string>ko</string>
</test>
<edit name="hinting" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="autohint" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="antialias" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- Synthetic emboldening for fonts do not have bold face -->
<match target="font">
<test name="weight" compare="less_eq">
<const>medium</const>
</test>
<test target="pattern" compare="more" name="weight">
<const>medium</const>
</test>
<edit name="embolden" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="weight" mode="assign">
<const>bold</const>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- The dual-width Asian fonts (spacing=dual) are not rendered
correctly, apparently FreeType forces all widths to match.
Trying to disable the width forcing code by setting
globaladvance=false alone doesn't help. As a brute force
workaround, also set spacing=proportional, i.e. handle
them as proportional fonts: CJK 双宽度纠正 -->

<match target="font">
<test name="lang" target="pattern" compare="contains">
<string>zh</string>
<string>ja</string>
<string>ko</string>
</test>
<test name="spacing" compare="eq">
<const>dual</const>
</test>
<edit name="spacing" mode="assign">
<const>proportional</const>
</edit>
<edit name="globaladvance" mode="assign">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- There is a similar problem with dual width bitmap fonts.
They don't have spacing=dual, therefore they are not
handled by the above rule and still display as charcell
fonts. For example "Efont Biwidth" has spacing=mono and
"Misc Fixed Wide" has spacing=charcell. Force handling of
these fonts as proportional fonts as well: -->

<match target="font">
<test name="lang" compare="contains">
<string>zh</string>
<string>ja</string>
<string>ko</string>
</test>
<test name="outline" compare="eq">
<bool>false</bool>
</test>
<test name="spacing" compare="eq">
<const>mono</const>
<const>charcell</const>
</test>
<edit name="spacing">
<const>proportional</const>
</edit>
<edit name="globaladvance" binding="strong">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- 设定中文字体的最小字号 -->
<match target="font">
<test name="family" equal="any">
<string>Unibit</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Micro Hei</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Mono</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Micro Hei Mono</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW</string>
<string>AR PL KaitiM Big5</string>
<string>AR PL KaitiM GB</string>
<string>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</string>
<string>AR PL New Sung</string>
<string>AR PL SungtiL GB</string>
<string>AR PL UKai CN</string>
<string>AR PL UKai HK</string>
<string>AR PL UKai TW</string>
<string>AR PL UKai TW MBE</string>
<string>AR PL UMing CN</string>
<string>AR PL UMing HK</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW MBE</string>
<string>AR PL UMing CN</string>
<string>AR PL UMing TW</string>
</test>
<test name="pixelsize" compare="more_eq">
<int>8</int>
</test>
<test name="pixelsize" compare="less_eq">
<int>12</int>
</test>
<edit name="pixelsize" mode="assign">
<int>12</int>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- MingLiU/PMingLiU一定要全力hint,否则字会错乱 -->
<match target="font">
<test name="family" compare="eq">
<string>MingLiU</string>
<string>PMingLiU</string>
</test>
<edit name="hintstyle" mode="assign">
<const>hintfull</const>
</edit>
</match>

<!-- WenQuanYi Fonts -->
<match target="font">
<test name="family" equal="any">
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Mono</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Micro Hei</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Micro Hei Mono</string>
<string>WenQuanYi Micro Hei Light</string>
</test>
<edit name="antialias" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="hinting" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="autohint" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="hintstyle" mode="assign">
<const>hintfull</const>
</edit>
<edit name="embeddedbitmap" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
</match>
<match target="pattern">
<test name="family" equal="any" compare="eq">
<string>serif</string>
<string>sans-serif</string>
<string>monospace</string>
</test>
<test name="lang" equal="any" compare="eq">
<string>zh-cn</string>
<string>zh-tw</string>
<string>zh-hk</string>
<string>zh-sg</string>
</test>
<test name="pixelsize" compare="more_eq">
<double>12</double>
</test>
<test name="pixelsize" compare="less_eq">
<double>16</double>
</test>
<edit name="family" mode="prepend_first">
<string>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</string>
</edit>
</match>
<!-- End WenQuanYi Fonts -->

<!-- Firefly Truetype Font -->
<match target="font">
<test name="family" equal="any">
<string>AR PL New Sung</string>
</test>
<edit name="antialias">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="hinting" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="autohint" mode="assign">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
</match>
<match target="font">
<test name="family" equal="any">
<string>AR PL New Sung</string>
</test>
<test name="size" compare="less_eq">
<int>16</int>
</test>
<edit name="antialias" mode="assign">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="hinting" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
</match>
<match target="font">
<test name="family" equal="any">
<string>AR PL New Sung</string>
</test>
<edit name="globaladvance" mode="assign">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
</match>
<!-- end Firefly Truetype Font -->
</fontconfig>
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